- (Arbil, Erbil)Irbil was already an ancient city in 331 BCE when Alexander the Great defeated the Persian king Darius some 120 kilometers northwest of there.Currently, Irbil is the largest city in and the capital of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in northern Iraq. More than one million people live there. It was a bone of contention between the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) during their civil war from 1994 to 1998. Following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, Irbil began to prosper economically and experienced a construction boom. A wealthy noveau riche class emerged, but also poverty remained. Irbil now contains several universities, including the Salah al-Din University, and is also the name of one of the three governorates constituting northern Iraq. The Kurds refer to Irbil as Hawlar. The city contains an ancient citadel and a modern international airport.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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IRBIL — (or Erbil; formerly Arbil), one of the four important towns of Assyria and now situated in Iraq to the E. of mosul , in the fertile plain between the Great Zab and the Small Zab. A Jewish community existed in Irbil continuously from the end of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Irbil — [ʉr′bil] city in N Iraq, on the site of ancient ARBELA: pop. 486,000 * * * Ir·bil (îrʹbĭl) See Arbil. * * * ▪ ancient city, Iraq also spelled Arbil or Erbil , Assyrian … Universalium
Irbil — Irbil, Stadt in Nordirak, Erbil … Universal-Lexikon
Irbil — [ʉr′bil] city in N Iraq, on the site of ancient ARBELA: pop. 486,000 … English World dictionary
Irbīl — geographical name see arbil … New Collegiate Dictionary
Irbil — Erbil Portail du Kurdistan Erbil (ku) Hewlêr … Wikipédia en Français
Irbil — ► Prov. del N de Irak; 14 471 km2 y 770 439 h. Cap., la c. homónima (333 900 h), que data del tercer milenio a C … Enciclopedia Universal
irbil — En las noticias sobre la ocupación del Kurdistán por las tropas iraquíes aparecía continuamente el nombre de la capital de ese territorio … Diccionario español de neologismos
Irbīl — /ˈɪəbəl/ (say earbuhl) noun → Erbil … Australian English dictionary
2004 Irbil bombings — Infobox terrorist attack title=2004 Irbil bombing caption=Damaged PUK headquarters location=Irbil, Iraq target=Headquarters of PUK and KDP date=February 16 2004 type=Suicide bombings fatalities=117 injuries=133 perps=Al Qaeda in IraqCampaignbox… … Wikipedia